A few more thoughts stemming from viewing America: The story of Us" on Netflix. This is a great history primer, especially for someone like me who has forgotten most of the history I learned in school!
The American Civil War started in 1861 and was at its height in 1862. A new kind of bullet known as the mini ball was developed, which could do much more damage than the old musket rounds. Troops still faced each other openly on the war grounds, leading to more destruction and death than previously thought possible. By the time the war ended in 1865, more than 600,000 men on both sides had died - 2% of the population. If that were compared to today, it would be $6 million dead.
The causes of the Civil War were based on the success of cotton, the white gold of the era, and the slavery trade that made it happen.
Lincoln used the advances of the day to improve the North's chances - the telegraph was the first means to spread word quickly, and the railroad revolutionized troop deployment and supplies. Both of which the South never grasped.
There were 60,000 amputations. 20,000 women signed on as nurses, and battlefield medicine was invented.
The spread of portable cameras meant that the gruesome images of war were finally seen at home in the nation's newspapers.
Embalming meant that a soldiers remains could finally be seen at home.
The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 literally changed the War. 200,000 blacks joined the War effort.
The Gettysburg Address of 1863 changed the world:
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. ........... that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
William Sherman's march devastated the South and finally the Confederate Army surrendered in 1865. Within a week, President Lincoln was dead from an assassin's bullet.
John M Scott, Broker / Owner, Scott Keys Properties, Certified Distressed Property Expert (CDPE), Council of Real Estate Brokerage Managers (CRB), serving San Francisco and the surrounding San Francisco Bay Area